Headaches and Migraines

Headaches can be divided into 2 categories, primary and secondary. Primary headaches will include tension-type headache (78%) and migraines (16%). Secondary headaches may include sinus headache (15%), head trauma (5%). These figures represent the prevalence in the general population1.

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Headaches can affect our work, school, household chores, lifestyle, and social activity. To most people it is viewed as not serious, as it comes and goes, not contagious and does not cause death. Hence, it is often underdiagnosed and undertreated.

The common causes for headaches will include, stress, drug or alcohol abuse, medication overuse, and poor posture which leads to neck and back strains. If you experience any tightness in the head, nausea, visual changes or pain, there is most likely a disturbance to the nervous system which is causing the headaches.

1. Rasmussen BK, Jensen R, Schroll M, Olsen J. Epidemiology of headache in a general population – a prevalence study. J Clin Epidemiol 1991; 44:1147-1157 (BK, Jensen, Schroll, & Olsen , 1991)

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